Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

APA Guide: Books and E-books

A guide to writing papers and citing sources in American Psychological Association style.


For a References page, your citations need to be double spaced and have a hanging indent. A hanging indent just means that every line after the first in your citation is indented 0.5". 

In Microsoft Word (PC or Mac), highlight your citation and right click on it. Select "Paragraph" in the menu that appears, then under "Indentation" click on the Special drop down and select "Hanging". Make sure the "By" field is set to 0.5".

Basic Format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.


An e-book is cited in much the same way as a physical title. If citing an electronic version of a print book, include the publication date of the original source. Include the electronic source- "Retrieved from" if the book is available online without needing to be purchased, and "Available from" if purchase is required. Also use this citation format for audio books.

De Huff, E. W. (n.d.). Taytay's tales: Traditional Pueblo Indian tales. Retrieved from

Davis, J. (n.d.). Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest. Available from 

When citing an e-book formatted for Kindle (or another specific e-reader format), include author, date of publication, title, e-book version, and either a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) or the place of download (Retrieved from...).

Stoker, B. (1897). Dracula [Kindle DX version]. Retrieved from

Edited Books

If no author is available for the entire work, name the editor(s) in place of the author(s) and follow them with (Ed.) or (Eds.):

Duncan, G. J., & Brooks-Gunn, J. (Eds.). (1997). Consequences of growing up poor. New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.

If the book has an author or authors, list the editor(s) after the title:

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals. K. V. Kukil (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.

If citing an article or chapter from a book, name the author(s) of the individual piece before the title of the piece, then the editor(s) before the name of the work. When listing page numbers from a book, use "pp." before the page range:

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. A. Editor (Ed.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

O'Neil, J. M., & Egan, J. (1992). Men's and women's gender role journeys: A metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib

(Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle (pp. 107-123). New York, NY: Springer.

Other Books

Translated works: List translator(s) at the end of the title, indicate when the work was originally published as well.

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published


Later editions: List the edition at the end of the title.

Helfer, M. E., Kempe, R. S., &Krugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Multivolume work: List the volume or volumes cited after the title.

Wiener, P. (Ed.). (1973). Dictionary of the history of ideas (Vols. 1-4). New York, NY: Scribner's.

All examples on this page taken from Purdue Online Writing Lab (