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APA Guide: How to Cite...

A guide to writing papers and citing sources in American Psychological Association style.

How to Cite...

Use the drop-down options on the tab above to select which type of source you wish to cite.

The generic form of citation for APA follows:

Last Name, F. M., & Last Name, F. M. (Date of publication). Article/chapter title. Title. Page numbers/URL/DOI.

Most Used Citations


Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher.

Online Journal Article

Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page range. doi: # or


Author, A. A. & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). Title of page [Format description when necessary]. Retrieved from Full URL

See specific citation pages in the drop-down for special cases.