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MLA Style: Periodicals

A guide to writing papers and citing sources in Modern Language Association style.


For a Works Cited page, your citations need to be double spaced and have a hanging indent. A hanging indent just means that every line after the first in your citation is indented 0.5". 

In Microsoft Word (PC or Mac), highlight your citation and right click on it. Select "Paragraph" in the menu that appears, then under "Indentation" click on the Special drop down and select "Hanging". Make sure the "By" field is set to 0.5".


A Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a set of letters, numbers, and symbols used to permanently identify an item. The DOI can be used to retrieve an article from the web. In academia, DOIs are found attached to most digital articles. They provide a stable link back to the article, and are preferable to URLs as a source location.

Article in a Magazine or Newspaper

For magazines, list the day in the publication date if available. If not, list the month and year, abbreviating the month.

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Day Month Year, pages.

Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-71.

Newspapers follow the same format, but include the section letter (if applicable) in the page numbers. If more than one edition is available for a given date, identify the edition after the title. If the newspaper is less well-known or local, include the city name in brackets after the title.

Krugman, Andrew. "Fear of Eating." New York Times, late ed., 21 May 2007, p. A1.

Behre, Robert. "Presidential Hopefuls Get Final Crack at Core of S.C. Democrats." Post and Courier [Charleston, SC], 29 Apr 2007, p. A11.

Article in a Scholarly Journal

For a print journal, use the following citation format. 

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages.

Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu.Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature,

vol. 15, no. 1, 1996, pp. 41-50.

For an online journal, use the following. Remember that DOI is preferred. If the journal is accessed via one of our Galileo databases, you should also name the database, including its name in italics before the DOI/URL.

Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Journal, Volume, Issue, Year, pages (if applicable). Database (if applicable), URL/DOI/Permalink. Accessed


Wheelis, Mark. "Investigating Disease Outbreaks Under a Protocol to the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention." Emerging Infectious

Diseases, vol. 6, no. 6, 2000, pp. 595-600, Accessed 23 Jul. 2019.

Alonso, Alvaro, and Julio A. Camargo. "Toxicity of Nitrite to Three Species of Freshwater Invertebrates." Environmental Toxicology, vol. 21, no. 1, 

3 Feb. 2006, pp. 90-94. Wiley Online Library, doi: 10.1002/tox.20155.

All examples on this page taken from Purdue Online Writing Lab (