When writing in English, your professor will usually ask you to use Modern Language Association (MLA) Style. The link above leads to a guide on MLA Style, which can help you in writing your paper.
1. Paraphrasing sources
What is it? Writing the info from a source in your own sentences
Why is it important? Avoids plagiarism; shows that you understand the information
When do we do it in a paper? Everywhere: 80% of a research paper is paraphrased
2. Summarizing sources
What is it? Paraphrase of the main ideas of a source
Why is it important? Sometimes we want to talk about the findings of a whole source
When do we do it in a paper? Occasionally in a research paper, often in a summary paper, literature review, or in an annotated bibliography
3. Synthesizing/Integrating info from sources
What is it? Using info from more tha one source in the same sentence or paragraph
Why is it important? You get to think and talk about the info; you get to fact check, you get to compare and contrast information.
When do we do it in a paper? Everywhere
4. Citing sources
What is it? Naming a source that you used in your paper and at the end
Why is it important? Avoids plagiarism and establishes your character as a research
When do we do it in a paper? Often, both in the paper and at the end
5. Quoting sources
What is it? Using exact words of source in quotations
Why is it important? Shows us the expert opinion- it adds other voices to our own writing
When do we do it in a paper? Depends on the discipline: humanities quote often, social sciences quote occasionally, and sciences quote seldom
Using the work of someone else without giving him or her credit.
Presenting someone else's work as your own.
If you use someone else's work, you MUST give credit via both in-text citation and a Works Cited page.
Give credit with parenthetical citations, or preferably signal phrases.
Put word-for-word copying in quotation marks. Use quotes sparingly unless you need the exact text for analysis!
To avoid copying info directly from the source, try the following:
Citation is the identification in your writing of sources you have used to write your paper.
Sources should be identified briefly in the paper itself and more fully at the end, in a bibliography.
Why do we cite?
When do we cite?
How do we cite? It depends on the discipline!
Where can I get help with formatting citations?
Citation Guides: Use these guides to help you create your bibliographies.
Information on this page courtesy of Dr. Mark Richardson.